Spectacular abandoned castles around the world

An abandoned castle always cuts an impressive figure — a blast from the past submerged behind ruined walls.

Says author Kieron Connolly, whose new book “Abandoned Castles” explores the world’s most spectacular forgotten fortresses, they’re also windows on long gone civilizations.

“Societies are like a body: centuries go by and the body decays,” he tells.

“The castle’s like the skull or like the teeth, in fact they even look a bit like teeth, sticking out, out of the ground. They give us some clues, some entries into the past.”

Connolly’s book features castles from around the world and across the ages — including 19th century military forts in the French Alps, 13th century castles in the Scottish Highlands and a medieval fortress in Syria.

Questions with no answers

It’s been published by Amber Books to accompany earlier successful books, “Abandoned Places” and “Abandoned Wrecks.”

The pictures were sourced by Amber’s Terry Forshaw.

Connolly traces his own interest in abandoned places back to his childhood.

“As a kid we would go on long walks and often it would be along a disused railway line,” he recalls.

“These places had an air of mystery: ‘Why’s it closed down, where does it go, what does it look like when it’s closed down, how quickly do branches grow through the tracks, stations start to crumble?'”

Layers of history

Many of the castles in the book have histories spanning centuries.

Over the years different owners and different conflicts put their stamp on the castles’ architecture.

“I love that you get this idea of layers of history,” says Connolly. “You can see how a castle was built and then rebuilt and expanded, how the walls changed, how it passed back and forth and finally became obsolete.”

Peeling back the layers offers a captivating peek into the past.

Take Spis Castle, in Slovakia. It started life as a Romanesque fort in the 12th century, before taking on a Gothic turn a century later.

In the 15th century, the castle was completely rebuilt. Later, new owners transformed it into a Renaissance family residence. It eventually burnt down in 1780, but remains a relic of these different architectural styles.

Worldwide influence

Connolly’s favorite story concerns Mortella Tower in Corsica.

“It was built in the 16th century, when Corsica was part of the Republic of Genoa, to defend against pirates,” he explains.

“It was later blown up by the British during the Napoleonic Wars, but the structure and design of the tower impressed the British.”

The design includes a circular tower with a flat roof, ideal for mounting artillery.
“They took that design and it became the Martello Tower, which is seen all across the British empire,” Connolly says.

“So even though they destroyed the first one they ever found, they liked the idea of it and it became known all across the British empire. The fact that the spelling is different is apparently, I understand, simply a misspelling by the British.”

Arresting ruins

Other highlights in the book include Ballycarbery Castle in County Kerry, Ireland.
Situated on a dramatic location on the edge of the North Atlantic Ocean, all that remains of this 16th century fort are the stone walls.

The castle was damaged by English Civil War militarian Oliver Cromwell’s troops, during his infamous Irish conquest.

Now this atmospheric fortress is being slowly absorbed into the natural landscape. The walls are clad in ivy and the first floor is covered in grass.

“It’s an interesting idea, how nature reclaims these things,” remarks Connolly.

Built in the 16th century by the Qutb Shahi dynasty, the fort formerly housed the infamous Koh-i-Noor diamond — later owned by Queen Victoria and now on display in Britain’s Tower of London.

The citadel once included four individual forts, mosques, temples, royal apartments and gardens, now it’s an arresting ruin.

Worlds went by

So why are photographers around the world so fascinated by ruins?

Connolly thinks it’s because abandoned places are a meeting place for the past and the present.

“Abandoned places touch a nerve with people,” Connolly says. “We’re interested in worlds gone by, forgotten worlds.”

Eating Pecans Protects Your Brain and Fights Disease

Lowell, MA – Eating about a handful of pecans each day may play a role in protecting the nervous system, according to a new animal study published in the current issue of Current Topics in Nutraceutical Research. The study, conducted at the Center for Cellular Neurobiology at the University of Massachusetts Lowell, suggests adding pecans to your diet may delay the progression of age-related motor neuron degeneration. This may include diseases like amyotropic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s Disease.

Researchers suggest vitamin E – a natural antioxidant found in pecans – may provide a key element to neurological protection shown in the study. Antioxidants are nutrients found in foods that help protect against cell damage, and studies have shown, can help fight diseases like Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, cancer and heart disease. Pecans are the most antioxidant-rich tree nut and are among the top 15 foods to contain the highest antioxidant capacity, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). “These findings suggest regular consumption of pecans may provide significant nutritive and antioxidant benefits for your body,” said lead researcher Thomas B. Shea, PhD. Dr. Shea and his research team carried out a number of laboratory studies on three groups of mice specifically bred to demonstrate severe decline in motor neuron function that are commonly used in studies of ALS.

Each of the three groups was fed a control diet or one of two diets containing differing amounts of pecans ground into their food. Standard testing methods were used to determine how well the mice scored relative to motor neuron functions, both before and after they were provided with one of the three diets. Mice provided a diet supplemented with pecans displayed a significant delay in decline in motor function compared to mice receiving no pecans. Mice eating the diet with the most pecans (0.05%) fared best.

Both pecan groups fared significantly better than those whose diets contained no pecans. The result was based on how the mice performed in highly specific tests, each of which compared mice on the control diet with mice consuming pecan-enriched diets. “Eating healthy doesn’t have to mean eating bland,” said Beth Hubrich, a registered dietitian with the National Pecan Shellers Association. “Pecans are a tasty addition to a healthy diet and scientific research continues to show they’re good for you as well.”

Eating a handful of pecans will also provide you with more than 19 vitamins and minerals, including vitamin A, folic acid, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc and several B vitamins, Hubrich said. Pecans are naturally cholesterol-free and sodium-free.